Vein Ligation and Stripping

What is ligation and stripping for venous disease?

Ligation means the surgical tying of veins through a small incision in the skin to prevent pooling of blood. Ligation may be used in conjunction with vein stripping, or removal of the vein. In many instances, the vein is removed using a minimally invasive surgical procedure called venous ablation.

Why is this procedure performed? Why do I need this procedure?

Surgery is done for two main reasons. The first is to treat varicose veins. In conjunction with removal of the varicose veins, ligation and stripping of veins is often performed to help prevent recurrence of the varicose veins. This is typically done if there is evidence of valvular incompetence within the main veins that give rise to the varicose veins.

Ligation and stripping is also done when pooling of blood occurs secondary to venous incompetence, and patients suffer from symptoms of venous insufficiency. These symptoms include leg swelling, skin changes, pain and, in severe cases, ulceration. The removal of the malfunctioning vein helps to control symptoms, and in cases of ulceration it helps the ulcers to heal. Surgical removal or stripping of the vein is rarely needed but may be recommended in some situations to treat superficial venous thrombosis or phlebitis.

Each patient is evaluated, and treatment will be individualized for the patient’s circumstances

 

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